Internet captioning for people with hearing loss
Captioning on the Internet?
Believe it or not, it will soon be required if people with hearing loss are to have full access to the World Wide Web. That’s because transmitting sound over the internet is becoming increasingly easy. Read all about the plans to add sound to the Internet and why you should be concerned about it in Sonify the Web.
WGBH in Boston has developed software that allows folks to caption videos in a variety of formats. And it’s available for the very favorable price of FREE. Here’s MAGpie.
November 1999 – Sign World TV is an innovative organization that “broadcasts” over the Internet, and all their programming is both captioned and interpreted.
April 2000 – The FCC provided internet captioning for their April 28th public forum. How did they do it and how successful was it?
July 2000 – Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act becomes effective next month. It requires Federal websites to be accessible. Will it cause the shutdown of many Federal agency websites?
July 2000 – People with hearing loss find instant messaging to be a great resource, because you can use it despite your hearing loss. Or at least, you could. Read about Voice-Enabled Instant Messaging from Microsoft.
October 2000 – One of the recent developments on the internet is the advent of captioned videos. An organization called AbleTV is now providing captioned videos of news events.
January 2001 – If you’re interested in the upcoming inauguration ball, and are concerned that lack of captioning will make it inaccessible to you, you might want to watch it on the web. TVWorldwide.com recently announced that they will provide captioned streaming video coverage of that event.
July 2001 – MovieFlix and the Captioned Media Program are working to add captions to the streaming internet movies provided by MovieFlix. So if you have a reasonably fast connection, you can now view captioned streaming movies over the internet.
November 2001 – e-Media and Wordwave cooperate to provide captions on live webcasts.
December 2001 – NCAM’s Access to Rich Media Resource Site
May 2002 – Flash Web Technology Becomes Accessible
October 2002 – Court Rules Web Need Not be Accessible – This article is about a court decision that websites need not be accessible to the blind, but the same reasoning applies to captioning Internet videos.
December 2002 – The Captioned Media Program announces Captioned Educational Streaming Video on the Internet. Now you can visit their website and view captioned educational videos RIGHT NOW!
January 2003 – With sound becoming increasingly important on the Internet, it’s good to see the W3C establish a group to address standards for streaming text.
September 2003 – So what’s up with Multimedia on the Web? Is it going to be accessible to people with hearing loss? Judy Brewer, the Director of the Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) at the WWW Consortium (W3C) gives us her thoughts.
October 2003 – Here’s a report on the Captioning on the Internet workshop at the 2003 TDI Convention. The presenter was Linda Idoni, the director of the West Coast office of the Media Access Group (MAG) at WGBH.
October 2003 – AOL has just announced that they will be captioning some of their streaming media. This is wonderful news for people with hearing loss. Hopefully other content providers will follow suit.
October 2003 – OK, so we’re seeing some progress on ensuring that multimedia on the internet is captioned. But what about eBooks? Here’s the latest on eBook accessibility!
August 2004 – You have probably seen streaming video from the Internet using RealPlayer or Windows Media Player. But have you seen CAPTIONED streaming video? If not, here’s a great demo of the technology, and a couple of people you can contact for more information.
November 2005 – The disability community has a long history of fighting for access in the fields of telecommunications, television, etc; and it has done a remarkable job of ensuring that access is required. Now, however, many of these services are moving to the Internet, where there none of the existing legislation applies. Here’s a press release from the NAD that discusses this critical issue!
January 2006 – If you think that captioning on the Internet is not an important issue, you should read this post from Jamie Berke, who hosts the About:Deafness/HOH site.
February 2006 – Would it surprise you to learn that online versions of broadcast television programs do NOT include captions? Here’s the story!
March 2006 – Net video leaves the deaf behind
March 2006 – Here’s Cheryl Heppner’s great article on captioning Internet video.
July 2006 – Guidelines for Creating Accessible Digital Materials Published by WGBH/NCAM
July 2006 – AOL Announces Closed Captions for Online Video
September 2006 – Martin Says FCC Shouldn’t Regulate Online Video
September 2006 – Google Video Supports Captions
October 2006 – Deaf Web Users Fear Being Left Behind As TV Shows Stream Onto the Internet
March 2007 – WGBH Creates Tool For Captioning Flash Media
May 2007 – Obama Videos Get Closed Captioning
June 2007 – Digital Revolution Ignores Captioning Requirements
September 2007 – Captioned Internet News!
October 2007 – View “Heroes” on the Internet with Captions
October 2007 – Organizations Promote Online Media Captions
December 2007 – Tom Harkin’s web videos to be captioned!
December 2007 – CNET TV Adds Closed Captioning!
December 2007 – Proposed Legislation Promotes Accessibility
December 2007 – Subtitled Music Videos
January 2008 – Taudiobook Offers Free Captioned Videos Online
January 2008 – Overstream adds captions to your videos
January 2008 – Site Maintains List of Captioned Movies Available from iTunes Store
February 2008 – Project ReadOn Provides Captioned Videos Online
March 2008 – CNET Unveils CNET TV 2.0 With Closed Captioning
March 2008 – Captioned Web Videos from BBC
May 2008 – Google Video Offers Search for Captioned Videos
May 2008 – Democrat wants to require disability-friendly Internet phones, video
June 2008 – Bill Would Require Captioning on Internet Videos
June 2008 – Goldberg Testimony on Markey Bill
June 2008 – Markey Bill Explained in Simple Language
August 2008 – Some Minnesota Political Ads MUST Be Captioned!
August 2008 – YouTube Has Speech-to-Text Functionality…and it Works
August 2008 – Deafness and the User Experience
September 2008 – Captioned YouTube?
April 2009 – CaptionTube: Sophisticated Caption Editing for YouTube Videos
June 2009 – COAT Requests Captions on Nexflix “Watch Instantly” Offerings
June 2009 – Why Netflix Doesn’t Offer Subtitles or Closed Captions
July 2009 – COAT Applauds Representative Markey’s Accessibility Bill
November 2009 – Google to Caption YouTube Videos
November 2009 – Google and YouTube: Leading the Way for Internet Captioning
December 2009 – Hulu Labs Cooks Up Captions Search
January 2010 – YouTube Adds Automatic “Captioning”
January 2010 – 22frames catalogs captioned videos and more!
February 2010 – An engineer’s quest to caption the Web
February 2010 – Connecting Marlee and Mickey
March 2010 – YouTube Makes Captioning Available to All
March 2010 – Captioning for Online TV
April 2010 – Netflix Subtitles Some Online Movies
April 2010 – Technology Poised to Ease Internet Video Captioning
July 2010 – Create Your Own YouTube Captions Quickly and Easily
August 2010 – Should Closed-Captioning Of Web Video Be Mandated By Government?
September 2010 – Captions on the Web
November 2010 – YouTube and Online Captions
December 2010 – ‘The Annoying Orange’ Needs More Captions
February 2011 – Find NetFlix InstantWatch movies with subtitles
March 2011 – Netflix Working to Provide Captions for Online Content
April 2011 – Hollywood Studios Sue Start-Up Zediva
May 2011 – Netflix Adds Subtitles to iPad, iPhone App
June 2011 – Nonprofit sues CNN.com for not captioning online videos
July 2011 – Google Works to Improve YouTube Auto-Captions for the Deaf
July 2011 – Advocates Press for Captioning of Online Videos
July 2011 – Khan Academy goes global with crowdsourced subtitles
July 2011 – Internet Closed Captioning Report Released
September 2011 – FCC Proposes Closed Captioning Rules for Online Video
October 2011 – Court Reporters Push for Higher Standards in Internet Captioning
November 2011 – COAT Groups Beat Back Attempts to Weaken TV Internet Captioning
Sonify the Web
A man named Thomas Dolby Robertson will be presenting what is billed as the “the next online revolution: sound on the Net”, at CNET Builder.com Live!, which will be held December 7-11, 1999. Until now the largest barrier for adding sound to a Web site has been the overwhelming file size and download time. Now, companies including Yahoo!, Intel, and MTV have successfully brought sound to the web.
What this means to us, of course, is that the internet might become the next major communications medium to exclude people who have hearing loss. These companies have been working to deliver sound over the internet as easily as they currently deliver text, and they have succeeded. To date the inability to hear has mostly deprived people of cheesy music that really adds nothing to the content of the sites. But with the development of reduced bandwidth sound formats, it may now be possible to make sound as important on the internet as it is on television.
There are currently NO CAPTIONING REQUIREMENTS on the internet, so this development could mean the exclusion of people with hearing loss from much of the internet (especially the World Wide Web).
This is a development we will be following closely. Also, we’d love to get YOUR ideas about what we can do to prevent the World Wide Web from becoming inaccessible. Send your ideas firstname.lastname@example.org.
Section 508 Becomes Effective
Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act becomes effective on August 8th. It requires that websites of federal agencies be fully accessible for people with disabilities, including hearing loss. For people with hearing loss, that means that all videos must be captioned, streaming audio must have text alternatives, and any acoustic information must also be presented in alternative formats.
There has been some online speculation that many federal agencies will simply shut down their websites on August 7th to avoid having to comply. My guess is that they will just ignore the access requirements.
So mark August 8th on your calendar. It might be an interesting day to poke around the federal agency websites to see what you find!
For more information on Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act, visit theSection 508 Page of our Resources Directory.
NCAM’s Access to Rich Media Resource Site
Editor: Are you familiar with the National Center for Accessible Media (NCAM)? They are a subsidiary of WGBH in Boston, and they are working to ensure that the hot new internet technologies remain accessible to people with disabilities, including hearing loss. They have a website that demonstrates how to do exactly that. So if you or someone you know works on the web, be sure to check their site. Contact information is provided on the WGBH Page of our Resource Directory.
Here are portions of a recent press release.
Access to Rich Media Resource Site is an online repository of information about creating accessible video, graphics, animation and the like. The information is intended for developers and for users. The Access to Rich Media site and related activities are funded by the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research, U.S. Department of Education.
Examples of rich media include:
– A streaming video newscast.
– An animated GIF in a banner advertisement.
– A map with audio descriptions of historic locations which are activated by mouse rollover.
– A stock ticker on a news web site.
– An intranet-based training video played in the QuickTime player.
– An animated Flash presentation embedded in a web page.
– An image slideshow playing on a Palm handheld.
Flash Web Technology Becomes Accessible
One of the concerns that we all need to be aware of is the possibility that people with disabilities will be denied access to communications technology because its developers do not make the technology accessible. This has been a particularly troublesome concern with regard to some of the new Internet technology, because the Internet is becoming such an important part of mainstream American life. The Internet has historically been text-based, which is fine for people for hearing loss, and even for people with vision loss if designers take a few simple steps to ensure screen reader compatibility. But recent technologies like Flash and Shockwave have been introduced with no thought to accessibility. Their growing popularity threatened to exclude people with disabilities from a significant portion of Internet content. Fortunately, the newly released Flash MX provides both captioning capabilities and screen reader compatibility.
Flash is an Internet technology that allows developers to create interactive, highly visual applications while maintaining a small file size. This is of benefit to users because they are able to access these applications without enduring a lengthy download.
Jason Smith, a technical director at the American Association for the Advancement of Science, created a Flash captioning tool, which was subsequently purchased by Macromedia, the company that developed the Flash technology. The Macromedia folks will be releasing this tool as a free downloadable Flash extension, thus enabling all Flash developers to create captioned applications. Here’s a link to anexample of captioning done with Smith’s tool.
One of the strong incentives for accessibility for all Internet technology is the requirement of Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act. This requirement, which went into effect last June, requires that all Federal government websites be accessible to people with disabilities. As of that date, Federal websites were not able to use Flash or other new technologies that did not provide appropriate access.
Web Group Launches Captioning Standards Group
As sound becomes more and more pervasive on the Internet, this wonderful resource is becoming increasingly unavailable to people with hearing loss. Organizations like WGBH in Boston are working to provide user-friendly tools to enable developers to provide Internet access to people with disabilities. The Federal government has chimed in with Section 508, which requires all Federal websites to be fully accessible. Unfortunately, less than 20% of Federal sites comply with this regulation. (I just read the number and wasn’t clever enough to save it. If anyone has it, please let me know.)
Now the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is getting involved. This is the group that establishes standards for the Internet; while their involvement doesn’t guarantee that a standard will be proposed, accepted, or used, it sure increases the likelihood that these good things will happen. The W3C has established the Timed Text Working Group (TTWG) and instructed them to establish XML-based standards to define a streaming text protocol.
A related specification called the Synchronized Multimedia Integration Language (SMIL) is in the final recommendation stages of the W3C process. It describes in general terms how to coordinate various components of multimedia presentations, but does not provide specific guidelines for implementing text. The result is the creation of proprietary and incompatible specifications that pretty much guarantee that the technology will not become broadly adopted. (Remember the browser wars of a few years ago?)
For additional information, please point your browser tohttp://news.com.com/2100-1023-981491.html?tag=fd_top
Accessible Streaming Video Demonstration Online
Editor: You have probably seen streaming video from the Internet using RealPlayer or Windows Media Player. But have you seen CAPTIONED streaming video? If not, here’s a great demo of the technology, and a couple of people you can contact for more information. If you are involved in any aspect of video production, I hope all your products are captioned!
Visual Voice Captions and Vision Office are pleased to present a demonstration of accessible streaming media on WorldEnable. The captioned video presentation uses the United Nation’s webcast of a press conference of the Chairman of the Ad Hoc Committee on a comprehensive and integral convention to promote and protect the rights of persons with disabilities.
On the left-hand side, click on:
Accessible Media Demonstration: 24 May 2004 UN Press conference with Ambassador Gallegos. (requires RealPlayer)
If you want to learn more about accessible streaming video and how it benefits your organizations, contact:
Leo Valdes, C.C.P., M.B.A., Managing Director
Vision Office Support Services, Ltd. [Empower the User] Tel. 1.604.983.0415
Shelley Arthur, Principal
Toll Free: 1-866-219-4414
Convert Television Captions to Web-Streaming Formats
Editor: Those who are interested in captioning streaming video on the Internet are familiar with MAGpie, WGBH’s software that allows anyone to insert captions into videos of various format.
WGBH recently announced a new tool called CaptionKeeper, which converts television captions into a format suitable for streaming video. Here’s the press release.
Boston, MA. WGBH’s National Center for Accessible Media (NCAM) announces the availability of software which enables closed captions created for broadcast and video to migrate to the Web.
CaptionKeeper (TM) software automatically converts line-21 captions created for television or video into Web-streaming formats. The software, now available for purchase, uses existing closed-caption data to create caption text suitable for live and/or archived multimedia presentations via RealPlayer, Windows Media Player and QuickTime Player formats.
The development of CaptionKeeper follows WGBH’s release of its award-winning Media Access Generator, or MAGpie software. MAGpie is a free tool that enables do-it-yourself captioning and audio description (for users who are blind or have low vision) of digitized media, and is used by people around the world to make Web-based multimedia accessible. CaptionKeeper joins MAGpie as an easy-to-use tool for creating a more accessible Web.
For additional information on CaptionKeeper, including technical specifications and cost, please visit (www.captionkeeper.org) or contact the NCAM via e-mail at email@example.com.
Subtitles: Deaf to the Problem
An estimated 31 million Americans are hard of hearing, so it seems intuitive that Apple would provide captions on shows like “Desperate Housewives” and “The Office” that it has started selling online. Yet, in a mystery worthy of “Lost,” there aren’t subtitles on any of the iTunes video products. “We’re just shut out,” says Maria Herr of Chicago, who is deaf. “I paid $2 for an episode of ‘Commander in Chief’ and I have no idea what Geena Davis is saying.” Full Story
Net video leaves the deaf behind
Like millions of people in America last September, Sonny Wasilowski was riveted by the real-life drama of JetBlue Flight 292. The plane’s landing gear was stuck, and as pilots prepared for an emergency landing at Los Angeles International Airport, television stations trained their cameras on the potentially doomed flight. But as the plane circled LAX to burn off fuel, Wasiloski had no idea what was happening. All he saw was the same picture of an airplane floating against the darkening night sky. Like many watchers, Wasiloski had tuned into the unfolding drama at work and was watching news video coverage on his computer, over the Internet. But the video he watched online was essentially useless to him. Wasilowski is deaf. Full Story
Martin Says FCC Shouldn’t Regulate Online Video
FCC Chairman Kevin Martin says he does not think the FCC should be regulating Google Video, YouTube or other online video services. When asked during his renomination hearing in the Senate Commerce Committee Tuesday about his philosophy of Internet regulation, he said that he did not think the Internet should be taxed, or that it should be subject to payments into the Universal Service Fund for rural telecommunications, which he said would discourage broadband rollouts by raising the price. As to online video, he said that it is “not necessary to regulate [Internet video service] at this time.” Full Story
Google Video Supports Captions
Google Video supports captions in self broadcasting, with Subviewer (.sub) and Subrip (.srt) formats. Adding video captions is easy using the form in the “video status” section (no more transcript, but captions).
To see some examples, please point your browser to:http://video.google.com/videocaptioned
And to find out how to caption YOUR videos, see: http://video.google.com/support/bin/answer.py?answer=26577
Deaf Web Users Fear Being Left Behind As TV Shows Stream Onto the Internet
The Internet has been a boon to deaf computer users, giving them easy access to a wide variety of information and breaking down communication barriers. But many of those users feel left behind by one of the Internet’s fastest-growing segments: online video. Though television networks and movie studios are rapidly expanding into Internet distribution, few online videos offer the closed captioning that companies are required by law to offer to TV viewers. The major networks provide full-length episodes of some of their most popular shows on the Web, including hits like “Lost” and “Survivor,” but none of them include captions. Apple Computer Inc.’s iTunes store sells downloads of more than 200 TV shows, but doesn’t offer versions with captions, and the company’s popular iPod player doesn’t support them. The absence of online captions has emerged as a hot topic in the deaf community. Full Story
Obama Videos Get Closed Captioning
Web video is helping all sorts of people get connected to the political process – but some have still been left out. For the deaf and hard-of-hearing, YouTube hasn’t really done a whole lot of good – until now. Nine of Senator Barack Obama’s web videos have now been outfitted with closed-captioning, thanks to Project readOn, which created a special player to display captions alongside a Web video (make sure you turn off your pop-up blocker when you try this out). Several of his videos are directly linked to on Project readOn’s homepage, and you can search for his name to find all of his captioned videos. Full Story
Captioned Internet News!
This is very cool! You may have heard that AOL would provide closed captioning on some of its online news stories. Well, that feature is operational now! Point your browser to http://tinyurl.com/24uvbg and notice that some of the stories have the “CC” symbol by them. If you activate those stories, a separate window will come up with the video in it, and it will have a “CC” symbol. Just click on that symbol to get closed captions for that story! Very cool!
View “Heroes” on the Internet with Captions
Editor: Thanks to Cheryl Heppner and NVRC for this info on an online captioned episode of “Heroes” from NBC. It’s not perfect, as Cheryl points out. But it’s a good start!
NBC has given us a glimpse of the future for captions on the Internet. You can view an episode of the hit series “Heroes” at http://www.nbc.com/Heroes/video/episodes.shtml
- Click on “Full Episodes” near the top of the screen
2. Click on “Select Episode” at the lower left of the screen
3. Click on “Episode 201: Four Months Later”
4. Click on the first chapter
You will need to watch a commercial before the show begins
5. As the show begins, you will see a new tab for Extra Features – either select from it (if it’s visible) or click the blue VIEW tab
6. Click to select closed captioning
In a second or two, you will see text at the right of the screen. The box with text on a gray background shows what is being spoken onscreen or gives information about sounds. After the text appears in the gray box, it moves to the black background.
The text is small, and it can take practice to scan the captions and the screen, but it’s a great start. You get the whole experience, including the commercials.
You can easily go back to see something you missed, or move ahead to the end of the show by dragging the bar along the bottom of the screen. The captions will follow with it. I’ve heard that sometimes the download speed makes the captions out of sync, but I didn’t have that problem..
CNET TV Adds Closed Captioning!
CNET TV, an online site that focuses on technology and consumer products, just announced that it is adding captioning to its videos. Many consumers had written and emailed asking for this accommodation, and the folks at CNET finally made it happen! Starting today, CNET videos will have a “CC” button in the lower right corner of their video interface. Simply click the button to bring up captioning. Executive edirot Molly Wood explained that the captioning may not always be available immediately when a video is uploaded, but will be available within a few days, max. You can view it here. Be sure to click on the “CC” button in the lower right corner.
Subtitleman’s Video Collection
Subtitleman, a Canadian whose hobby is to collect and subtitle videos for people who are deaf or hard of hearing, has completed 65 music videos with captions that are available on YouTube.
His videos include selections by such musicians as:
Simon & Garfunkel
Peter & Gordon
Gerry & the Pacemakers
Weird Al Jankovic
You can find links to all of his selections, and sign up to subscribe at: http://uk.youtube.com/profile_videos?user=subtitleman
Taudiobook Offers Free Captioned Videos Online
Taudiobook is a company with software that automatically syncs a transcript to a video. As a promotion and a public service they’ve been captioning various videos, including virtually all of the presidential debates You might want to check out some of his other captioned videos, too! Point your browser here!
Overstream adds captions to your videos
Have you ever produced a video without adding captions simply because you didn’t want to bother using your video editor’s clunky, built-in captioning tools? Better yet, want to add captions to someone else’s video? Check out Overstream, a service that lets you add text captions to videos from a handful of hosting sites including the big two: YouTube and Google Video. Diving right in to captioning a video is simple. Once you’ve given Overstream the URL, it sends you to the Flash-based editor, which at first glance may look complicated, but is about as simple as it gets. If you’re used to the timeline controls of any old video player you’ll feel right at home–just pick the spot of video where you want to add a caption and start typing away. Overstream will automatically add each caption as a 3-second chunk. If you need to make it shorter or longer, there are toggle controls you can dial up or down, and buttons to send it right next to the neighboring caption. Additionally, you can see exactly where the caption will end in a color-coded bar that sits below the video’s timeline, and tweaking it down to the exact half second or so requires no technical knowhow whatsoever; just drag the bar to the part of the video you want. When finished with any additions you can kick the video back out to Overstream, where it’ll be hosted from its original service provider (via embed) while overlaying the captions you’ve created below. Full Story
Site Maintains List of Captioned Movies Available from iTunes Store
We’re slowly but surely starting to see more captioned content on the Internet, and hopefully that trend will continue! I recently got an email from Luck Kanthatham, informing me that the Apple TV Source website is maintaining a list of captioned movies available from the iTunes Store. See http://appletvsource.com/content/view/546/64/
Project ReadOn Provides Captioned Videos Online
Project readOn is a team of people with the singular goal of making online media content available to all, whether you are hard of hearing, simply cannot or do not want sound on, or if the content is in a language other than your native tongue. We have built a caption player that allows for universal access to online media. Our mission is to distribute this service to as many people globally who need it. Through advertising dollars, grants and the management of meta-data we hope to continue to provide this service indefinitely. The owners of Project readOn have a long history in online services and closed captioning in the traditional broadcast world, and they bring this wealth of knowledge and expertise to Project readOn. We have offices in Los Angeles and Austin Texas and we work with people across the US and the world in both the private and public sectors to realize our dream of universal Access for All for all online video content. Full Story
Google Video Offers Search for Captioned Videos
Google Video has a new advanced search feature which allows users to quickly locate all of the closed captioned (CC) videos on the web or on any particular site. Point your browser to the Google video advanced search capability (URL below), enter desired search words and the domain you want to search, and check “Search only closed captioned videos” checkbox. This is very cool!
Democrat wants to require disability-friendly Internet phones, video
At the moment, most TVs and telephones must be outfitted with special features for people with hearing, vision, and speech impairments under U.S. law. Now an influential Democratic congressman wants to expand those requirements to their Internet counterparts. The bill being drafted by Rep. Edward Markey (D-Mass.) would require, at least in some cases, dramatic changes in the way Internet phone- and video-related products are designed, while making it more difficult than under existing law for companies to claim exemptions from those requirements. [. . .] In some ways, the effort would simply build upon steps already taken by policymakers in recent years. Last summer, for instance, the Federal Communications Commission decided that voice-over Internet protocol providers whose services connect to the public-switched telephone network, such as Vonage, would be required to make their services compatible with hearing aids and telecommunications relay services, just as traditional phone operators do. Full Story
Bill Would Require Captioning on Internet Videos
Many people also use the Internet to view movie clips, television shows, newscasts and sporting events. However, many are not able to take full advantage of these media because of their disabilites. Democratic U.S. Rep. Edward Markey, of Malden, is sponsoring a bill that would mandate major producers of Internet videos to implement captioning and video description soundtracks on their videos. Television networks would be obligated to deliver captioning and video description tracks when streaming their shows online, along with video description tracks as well as closed captioning for traditional over-the-air broadcasts. While there are some technological issues to overcome, such as formatting captions and video descriptions to be compatible with Windows, Macintosh and Linux computers, along with the different media players available for each computer, the industry says these concerns can be resolved and is working on them. Full Story
CaptionTube: Sophisticated Caption Editing for YouTube Videos
Last August YouTube enabled users to upload closed caption files for video captions, but today they’re trying to make it even easier for you to reach those viewers who are either hearing impaired or unable to understand your audio. YouTube’s new caption feature, CaptionTube, now allows for adding captions via a sophisticated video caption editor, so users can add their text transcriptions side by side with the video in question. Acknowledging the limitations prior to CaptionTube, the YouTube blog admits, “We recognize, however, that the process of adding closed captions to your video – uploading a text file – leaves a bit to be desired, even though we support a wide range of formats from various captioning service and software.” Full Story
COAT Contacts Hulu Internet TV Distributor about More Accessibility
COAT recently wrote a letter to Hulu asking for more accessibility and usability of their website and of the content on the Hulu website (TV, movies and video clips). COAT thanked Hulu for already having some material captioned and for making captioned material searchable through a “special features” function. COAT also asked Hulu to take steps to make all of the video material on the website captioned and video described. For a copy of COAT’s letter, send Email [Ed:firstname.lastname@example.org].
COAT Requests Captions on Nexflix “Watch Instantly” Offerings
On June 11, COAT sent a letter to Netflix asking them to make its “Watch Instantly” movies and other videos and its website accessible to and usable by people with hearing and people with vision disabilities. Consumers are irate about lack of accessibility including some Netflix shareholders. COAT asked for a designated disability Point of Contact, a meeting with Netflix executives to discuss concerns, and a written committment from the company on what steps it is taking to incorporate accessibility and usability in all of its services Full Story
Why Netflix Doesn’t Offer Subtitles or Closed Captions
Netflix’s chief product officer, Neil Hunt, wrote an interesting blog post today about why his company doesn’t offer subtitles or closed captions on its streaming content. Evidently, adding subtitles and closed captions is harder than it looks. English subtitles don’t need to be added to most English movies (they are “burned in” to the stream for foreign language movies), so the company needs to figure out a way to let individuals turn the words on or off. Full Story
Google to Caption YouTube Videos
In the first major step toward making millions of videos on YouTube accessible to deaf and hearing-impaired people, Google unveiled new technologies on Thursday that will automatically bring text captions to many videos on the site. While the technology can only insert captions on English language speech, Google is giving users the choice to use its automatic translation system to read the captions in 51 languages. That could broaden the appeal of YouTube videos to millions of other people who do not speak English but could use the captioning technology to read subtitles in their native language. The speech recognition technology that Google uses to turn speech into text is not new; Google currently uses it to transcribe voice mail messages for users of its Google Voice service. But Ken Harrenstien, a deaf engineer who helped develop the automatic captioning system, said the technology had never been applied on such a large scale. Full Story
Hulu Labs Cooks Up Captions Search
Hulu Labs, the premium video content site’s platform that offers users experimental new features, has just rolled out a nifty new feature called Captions Search. Captions Search lets you search for keywords within the closed captions for videos of TV shows on the site. Closed Captioning is the transcript and text from a television or video screen that’s often used as a way for the hearing-impaired to watch television. The new feature also lets you see a quick preview of a search results, by hovering your mouse over the thumbnail with the segment of the video that includes the search term included. Full Story
22frames catalogs captioned videos and more!
The web offers a world of quality videos for our enjoyment and enlightenment. However, for a large population of Internet users* who are unable to hear, understand, or enable the audio content of videos, finding ones to watch can be a pain**. Captioned and subtitled videos are an answer; however, they are generally scattered and/or mixed with all other videos across the Internet. Up until now, there was no central place to easily and reliably search for and discover such videos across multiple video hosts. 22frames was built, in part, to provide such a place. In turn, an additionally important goal is to drive significant traffic to caption/subtitle friendly video hosts and creators. By continually indexing videos from these multiple hosts, this site offers an increasingly comprehensive catalog covering many different topics. Indexing is mostly automated using APIs and specialized web crawlers. User submissions of videos and channels also play an important role. Here’s the site!
An engineer’s quest to caption the Web
The Internet used to be a place where Ken Harrenstien could do anything. The Google engineer, who has been deaf since childhood, loved the Web because he could e-mail and chat without the aid of a sign language translator. But as the Web evolved and got faster, online video started to flood in. And all of a sudden, this place that once allowed for limitless communication started to feel walled off to Harrenstien. “It was only when they started adding videos that the Net was not my means of access, but it became a barrier,” he said in a recent interview, speaking through signing interpreter. “And that was very frustrating.” The reason for Harrenstien’s trouble is simple: Almost no video on the Internet comes paired with text captioning for the deaf. Full story
Connecting Marlee and Mickey
by Blair Levin
Nobody who was at the FCC’s broadband field hearing at Gallaudet University (http://www.broadband.gov/fieldevents/)in November will forget the passion of Marlee Matlin. Her dedicated efforts led to captioning laws being passed nearly a generation ago. But now, she told us, her work was being “erased.” Closed captions were being taken out of broadcast content being shown on the Internet. Among her many examples: her own performance on “Dancing with the Stars!” Her distress was palpable. We posted a video clip (http://blog.broadband.gov/?entryId=15370) of Marlee’s statement on our blog, and her passion was seen over the blogosphere. Someone forwarded the clip to Disney. And Disney got to work. As a result, Disney has announced that ABC.com is expanding its captioning efforts. Instead of just captioning scripted dramas and comedies, it has committed to captioning all of its long form programs that it puts on its online player at ABC.com, including reality and live shows like “Dancing With The Stars.” Way to go, Marlee. Way to go, Disney. And way to go to the person in the blogosphere who thought to connect the two. Full Story
YouTube Makes Captioning Available to All
Google’s YouTube on Thursday announced that it has moved its automatic speech-recognition and closed-captioning technology out of beta and have now made it available to the YouTube community at large. Most, if not all, YouTube videos now include a “CC” button that, if pressed, will automatically generate the closed-captioning technology. The technology processes the audio feed, using the speech-recognition technology used in the core voice search feature that has also built into the Android voice search feature, the GOOG-411 phone search, and other products. Full Story
Captioning for Online TV
The entertainment world is moving to the next generation of closed captioning technology with online TV, as a new Spreety.com video demonstrates. For example, ABC.com has the ability to customize white on black vs. black on white text. FOX.com does a good job of moving captions to the top or the bottom of the screen, based on the most appropriate place for the text to be displayed. PBS and PBS Kids have most of their shows online with closed caption support. . . . Hulu further innovates with a caption search feature that hot links to the matching video clip. With any YouTube video, Speech to Text technology can be used to generate same language captions. Then, through translation software, the captions can be rendered in many languages. Full Story
Netflix Subtitles Some Online Movies
This is Neil Hunt, Chief Product Officer at Netflix. As I promised last year, I’m pleased to report that today we have enabled closed captioning for some TV episodes and movies that you can watch instantly on your PC or Mac. Although it’s a limited library of content with subtitles available – about 100 titles – we now have released the technology and we will be working to fill in the library over time Full Story
Technology Poised to Ease Internet Video Captioning
A few months ago, Vint Cerf, Vice President and Chief Internet Evangelist for Google and hard-of-hearing “Father of the Internet,” announced that select partners of YouTube are beta testing software enabling computer-generated captioning. The software uses Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR) technology to turn spoken (or recorded) words into computer text, then creates the necessary captions. It’s not perfect, but it allows complete access within the current limitations of voice recognition technology. With some improvements in ASR, YouTube users could have the ability to click “Transcribe Audio” within the interface and automatically generate captions from a video’s soundtrack. Cerf worked with Kenneth Hammerstein, a software engineer at Google who is deaf, on the project. Full Story
Create Your Own YouTube Captions Quickly and Easily
I created a simple web application to significantly speed up the human-based caption creation process for broadband users who want to create YouTube-compatible caption files. Since YouTube now has the capacity to translate captions into hundreds of foreign languages, this should appeal to people who are interested in reaching non-English speakers as well as the hearing-impaired. Right now it outputs captions in the YouTube .SBV format. I’d be happy to add an interface to output in other caption formats if requested. Here’s the introductory beta demo version.
Should Closed-Captioning Of Web Video Be Mandated By Government?
This month Congress unanimously passed the Twenty-first Century Communications and Video Accessibility Act (S. 3304) and the Twenty-first Century Communications and Video Accessibility Act (H.R. 3101) As Josh explained in his own post at 3PlayMedia, the two bills that have been passedwill expand the requirement for web video captioning and accessibility services. Specifically,
- They will require that any captioned television program be captioned when delivered over the Internet, and;
- They also require all devices large enough for video to be equipped to support captioning functionality.
Josh does explain in his post that while H.R. 3101 and S. 3304 have more widespread implications for television-related programming, they are still “a significant step forward” in providing a mandate for closed-captioning in online video with professional publishers and platforms. Full Story
Captions on the Web
Videos posted on the Web reach a global audience. But often a large portion of that audience is excluded from the full experience because they can’t hear the audio and the videos don’t have captions. That’s starting to change for the 36 million Americans with varying levels of hearing loss, according to estimates by the Hearing Loss Association of America. Legislation requiring TV broadcasters to provide captions for its online programming is headed for approval when Congress returns from recess this month. “There are those within the industry who recognize the inherent value [of providing captions online] and they’ve found a cost-effective way of putting it out there,” said Pat Prozzi, president of the video captioning service VITAC, based in Canonsburg. “[But] there are a group of program providers that see it less as a benefit and more of a cost. Full Story
YouTube and Online Captions
When YouTube launched its automatic closed-captioning service a year ago, there were a few important words the tool couldn’t recognize – like “YouTube.”
YouTube’s manually uploaded captions on a video of Google CEO Eric Schmidt.The problem highlighted some of the difficulties faced in the push to make new technology more accessible to people with disabilities. Accessibility tools like speech recognition are still evolving. And so much information is now generated by users that it seems impossible to make it all accessible to everyone.
In the past few weeks, Google has rolled out major improvements in the technology behind automatic captions, reducing the overall word error rate by 20%. The tool, which is accessed by clicking on the little “cc” button on most YouTube videos and selecting “Transcribe Audio,” can be used by anyone. But it’s not perfect.
‘The Annoying Orange’ Needs More Captions
When Julia Childs’ The French Chef appeared on PBS in 1972 with captions, it marked the first time TV had ever been accessible to the deaf and hard of hearing. Nearly 40 years later, when viewers first tuned in to “The Annoying Orange,” the chart-topping Webisode series on YouTube (GOOG), none of the videos bore captions. Some of the show’s videos now have captions, due to the work of a volunteer. The new law designed to make it easier for the 54 million Americans with disabilities to access online programming simply isn’t strong enough. The Twenty-first Century Communications and Video Accessibility Act of 2010 amends Federal Communications Commission policy to require captions for broadcast TV, cable, and satellite programs shown over the Internet if they originally aired on TV with captions. Full Story
Find NetFlix InstantWatch movies with subtitles
Editor: Here’s a note from NVRC that provides a link to a list of subtitled InstantWatch NetFlix movies.
Many readers have been upset that Netflix is increasing the number of movies and television shows available by video streaming through its InstantWatch service, but these movies and shows are not captioned. Meantime, Netflix has raised the cost of renting DVD and Blu-Ray disks, which individuals who are deaf or hard of hearing had previously fought to have available with captions or English subtitles. The National Association of the Deaf has pushed Netflix to change its service practices so that all individuals may enjoy the entertainment equally. Progress is being made, but it has been difficult to search and find which videos are accessible.
Now there’s a blog that lists all of the movies currently known to be available by InstantWatch that have English SDH (“subtitles for the deaf or hard of hearing”) as well as silent movies and popular foreign films with open subtitles. Below you’ll find the instructions at the beginning of the blog, before the well-organized list of movies available. Kudos to the creator of this blog.
Here’s the list!
Netflix Working to Provide Captions for Online Content
The Web as a whole tends to favor those individuals with their vision intact. There are a couple of areas of the Web that have benefitted the visually impaired: Web radio and podcasting services, for example, are generally free sources of lots of information, and many of the most popular news sites do daily or weekly audio recaps of their featured written content. Voice over IP communications, likewise has brought the convenience of free instant messaging to those without sight. But for the most part, the Web has been a silent place that we look at, instead of listen to. Netflix on Friday, however, revealed that streaming video is one of those areas on the Web where the hearing impaired also face a big statistical disadvantage. Even though video, by definition is something that we consume with our eyes, the audio is often just as important, and without closed captioning, it can often be of no use. Neil Hunt, Chief Product Officer at Netflix said only 30% of streaming content on Netflix (roughly 3,500 TV episodes and movies) has support for captioning and subtitles in the U.S, and they can only be viewed on PC, Nintendo Wii, Sony PS3, GoogleTV, and Boxee Box. Hunt says more devices will be added in the summer of 2011, and the goal is to equip 80% of streaming content with subtitles by that time. Full Story
Hollywood Studios Sue Start-Up Zediva
Six Hollywood studios on Monday sued Internet-movie company Zediva, saying the start-up violates copyright law with its system for showing new movies online for $1 or $2. The company calls its service a DVD-rental operation. But rather than sending DVDs to customers through the mail, as Netflix Inc. and similar services do, Zediva’s discs sit in banks of players at a Silicon Valley data center, playing back movies on-demand each time a customer places an order. Lawyers for the Motion Picture Association of America argued that the transmission over the Internet of movies like “Black Swan” and “Hereafter” constitutes a “public performance”-for which an operator like Zediva would need a specific license, which it doesn’t have. Full Story
Netflix Adds Subtitles to iPad, iPhone App
Netflix has expanded the availability of closed captioning on its streaming service with the latest update of its iOS application. With the update, the iPad, iPhone and iPod touch join a growing list of consumer electronics devices that support streaming subtitles through the service. Full Story
Nonprofit sues CNN.com for not captioning online videos
A Berkeley-based nonprofit sued global media and entertainment giant Time Warner on Wednesday in Alameda County Superior Court, claiming CNN.com discriminates against the deaf or hard-of-hearing by not providing any captioning of its online videos. Disability Rights Advocates is representing the Greater Los Angeles Agency on Deafness and three individual plaintiffs in what they call a first-of-its-kind lawsuit. The Oakland firm of Goldstein, Demchak, Baller, Borgen & Dardarian is also representing the plaintiffs. “Time Warner’s refusal to provide captioning of its videos is astounding given how central the Internet is in today’s communication environment,” DRA attorney Anna Levine said in a news release. “The lack of captioned videos means that millions of people with hearing loss will continue to be denied equal access to video news content on CNN.com.” The lawsuit alleges violations of California’s Unruh Civil Rights Act and Disabled Persons Act. A CNN spokeswoman said Wednesday that because the company has not yet been served with the lawsuit, it won’t comment. Full Story
Google Works to Improve YouTube Auto-Captions for the Deaf
Visitors to YouTube, which now boasts theInternet’s second-largest search engine, have uploaded hundreds of millions of videos since its launch in early 2005. For most people YouTube (Google bought the video-sharing site for $1.65 billion in late 2006) is a valuable outlet for sharing personal videos, catching up on college lectures, consulting “how-to” clips and absorbing pop-culture nuggets like “Weird Al” Yankovic’s parody of Lady Gaga. Until recently, however, the tens of millions of deaf and hearing-impaired (in the U.S. alone) could not take full advantage of YouTube because they were getting only half of the experience. Google and YouTubeengineers are working to fix this by improving software that can automatically add captions to all videos, although this has been a difficult process. Full Story
Advocates Press for Captioning of Online Videos
McG, executive producer of the TV series “Chuck” and “Supernatural” and director of the movies “Charlie’s Angels” and “Terminator Salvation,” has a new action series out this summer. “Aim High” has a handsome protagonist, Nick Green, who deals with all the travails of adolescent life, exaggerated to make a good action flick. He has a punk-rock love interest, a seductive teacher and a double life as a CIA assassin. But the Warner Bros. show won’t be available on prime-time television when it begins August 1. It’s only airing on Facebook and is just one of the many original Web series being pushed by big-name and amateur producers alike in the hope of tapping into the huge and growing online video audience.The show, however, may lose viewers before it even starts. Facebook video does not offer closed captioning, which means 36 million Americans who are deaf or hard of hearing won’t be able to tune in to the adventures of the teenage spy Full Story
Khan Academy goes global with crowdsourced subtitles
The Khan Academy is expanding its reach beyond the English-language world, thanks to community-provided subtitles. Those subtitles will add translations to more than two dozen languages on videos of the popular education site. Khan’s internationalization efforts are aided by Universal Subtitles, a non-profit which tries to make web video more accessible to both deaf and hard-of-hearing viewers as well as international audiences through crowd-sourced captioning. Each and every video on the Khan Academy’s website now comes with a subtitle menu that allows viewers to pick the language of their choosing. Full Story
Internet Closed Captioning Report Released
The Video Programming Accessibility Advisory Committee has released its report to the FCC on closed captioning of IP-video programming (available (http://tinyurl.com/6fgt8o7), as required by the 21st Century Communications and Video Accessibility Act passed last October. As we explained earlier here, the Accessibility Act requires that, once a television program is published or exhibited on television with closed captions, any subsequent distribution of that programming on the Internet must include closed captions.
The Accessibility Act requires that the FCC revise its closed captioning rules within 6 months of the Committee’s report, thus, new FCC closed captioning rules must be in place no later than January 13, 2012. (The report is dated July 13, 2011, though it appears to have been released July 11.) The report proposes the following compliance schedule based on the date the FCC’s revised rules are published in the Federal Register:
* Within 6 months: programming that has been prerecorded and unedited for Internet distribution;
* Within 12 months: live and near-live programming
* Within 18 months: programming that has been prerecorded and substantially edited for Internet distribution.
FCC Proposes Closed Captioning Rules for Online Video
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has issued a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) seeking comment on proposed rules for the closed captioning of video programming delivered via Internet protocol (i.e., “IP video”), under the 21st Century Communications and Video Accessibility Act (CVAA). As discussed in our advisory on the CVAA and our overview of the Report by the Video Programming Accessibility Advisory Committee (VPAAC) making recommendations for FCC implementation, the CVAA compels the adoption of rules that require IP video programming to have closed captions if it appeared on TV with captions after the new rules’ effective date. This proceeding will affect TV stations, cable systems, broadcast and cable networks and virtually every other professional video program producer who is now, or will be in the future, making their programming available on the Internet. With a proceeding so wide-reaching, with a very short comment period given the congressionally-mandated implementation schedule, everyone involved in these businesses needs to know what the FCC is proposing. Full Story
COAT Groups Beat Back Attempts to Weaken TV Internet Captioning
COAT groups filed additional comments into the FCC’s docket addressing captioning of TV programming on the Internet. These comments advocated that the FCC:
* should reject calls to narrow the scope of video programming subject to the CVAA’s captioning requirements.
* should reject industry attempts to avoid the VPAAC’s proposed performance objectives.
* should reject industry efforts to shirk responsibility for captioning via IP delivery.
* must implement a robust complaint system to facilitate compliance with the CVAA’s captioning rules.
* should not extend the VPAAC’s proposed schedule for captioning compliance
* should reject unwarranted attempts to narrow the scope of “apparatus[es]” subject to section 203’s requirements.
* should limit industry requests to circumvent section 203’s requirements via waivers and determinations of nonachievability.