Generic Name : ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel (ETH in ill ess tra DYE ol and LEE vo nor JESS trel)
Brand Names : Alesse, Altavera, Amethyst, Aviane, Enpresse, Lessina, Levlen, Levora, Lutera, Lybrel, Nordette, Orsythia, Portia, Sronyx, Tri-Levlen, Triphasil-21, Triphasil-28, Trivora-28
What is levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol?
Levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol is a medical drug that stops you become pregnant. Ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel encompasses a blend of female hormones that stop ovulation. The intake of this medicine is related to the change in your cervical mucus and uterine lining, making really hard for sperm to reach the uterus and tougher for a fertilized egg to attach to the uterus.Its predominant use is considered best as contraception to get rid of pregnant. There are some hidden purposes of Alesse generic which are not mentioned in this medication guide.
- The intake of levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol is strictly banned for those ladies who have just given a birth to a baby child, or are about to become a mum.
- The use of levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol is also not promoted if you are suffering from the following:
- Blood-clotting disorder
- Unusual vaginal bleeding
- Liver disease
- Uncontrolled high blood pressure
- Severe migraine headaches, circulation problems and diabetic issues
- Liver disease or live cancer
Further, if being a lady you are a smoker who is also above 30 and ever encountered problems like uterine cancer, jaundice, a heart attack, a blood clot, or a stroke don’t ever dare to consume levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol. You may require using back up control in form of spermicide or condoms when you are going to start levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiolor if forget to take your dosage. Always keep in touch with the doctor and seek for his timely support. Never try to overlook his instructions as it may put you in trouble. Remember missing a pill may enhance the possibility to become pregnant. Always stay alert and seriously follow the missed dose instructions if in case you have forgotten to take your levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol pill.Point to be noted. Some drugs reduce the powers of levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol and make it less effective in pregnancy. These mainly underline antibiotics, seizure medications, HIV/AIDS medications, hepatitis C medications and barbiturate sedatives. You must inform your doctor in case you are taking these medicines.
Before taking this medicine
The intake of levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol can cause defects in the birth of a baby. So, if you are pregnant its consumption is not encouraged. Further, it becomes necessary for you in case you have missed two menstrual periods in a row or else become pregnant. More to the point if recently you have delivered a baby then you must wait for at least 4 weeks before taking levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol.
- You must avoid levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol in case you have:
- Uncontrolled high blood pressure, coronary artery disease
- Poor history of heart attack, blood clot, or stroke
- Liver cancer or liver disease
- Problems with your eyes, severe migraine headaches, history of jaundice, circulation problems, a blood-clotting disorder
- Unusual vaginal bleeding, or if you are a smoker with age above 30
- Circulation caused by diabetes, weakness in the body, numbness
It is said that prevention is always better than cure. So, you must tell your doctor beforehand so that you can safely take levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol, especially if you are suffering from following conditions such as
- Tuberculosis, a poor history of menstrual cycles
- high blood pressure, varicose veins, high cholesterol or triglycerides, or if you are overweight; a history of depression, underactive thyroid
- gallbladder disease, diabetes;
- seizures or epilepsy,
- a history of fibrocystic breast disease
- lumps, nodules, or an abnormal mammogram
Point to Ponder
The hormones present in levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol can easily pass into breast milk and thus cause damage to a new born baby. Further, it is also heard that this medication has the powers to slow down the breast milk production in a feeding mom. Hence its use should not be made if you are a nursing mum.
In emergency you need to take help from doctor. The intake of levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol may cause swelling on your face, throat, lips and tongue as well as difficulty breathing.You must stop taking levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol and call doctor for immediate rescue in case you re suffering symptoms like nausea, sudden severe headache and problems with vision, balance or speech. Besides, you may also get to see swelling, sweating, ill feeling, redness in one or both legs, sleeping hassles, symptoms of depressions, swelling in your hands, anklets, or feet. Sometimes the patients also complaint about sudden weakness particularly on body’s one side, a breast lump, jaundice, upper stomach pain, loss of appetite, clay-colored tools, and dark urine. Nevertheless, situations like a breast lump, warmth, sudden cough, wheezing, a change in the pattern or severity of migraine headaches, chest pain, and pain spreading to the arms or shoulders, and overall heavy feeling as well as rapid breathing and coughing up blood can also bother.Less serious harmful effects caused by levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol may include nipple discharge, changes in body weight, appetite issues, loss of scalp hair, increased hair growth, decreased sex drive, problems with contact lenses,changes in menstrual periods, breast tenderness or swelling, freckles or darkening of facial skin, vaginal itching or discharge, mild nausea, stomach cramps, vomiting and bloating.
What happens if I miss a dose?
It is always advisable to follow instructions carefully when taking levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol. Don’t feel shy to ask from a pharmacist if you fail to understand the instructions. It is so because missing a pill can definitely increase your chances to become pregnant.If in case you miss one active pill then to make up for it you take tow pills on the day you remember. Then continue with the routine of taking one pill regularly.Now if you miss two active pills in continuity in a Week 1 or 2, then again to cover up the loss you should take two pills every day in a row without a miss. Then take 1 levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol pill per day for the rest of the pack. Not to forget you must use back-up birth control for at least seven days following the neglected pills. Now if you take 2 active pills in a row in third week then discard the rest of the pack and begin with the new pack the same day if you are going to start from day 1.
If you are a Sunday starter then continue taking levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol regularly without a miss until Sunday. However, on Sunday you can discard the whole pack and begin a new pack that day itself. If you somehow miss 2 or 3 pills, you may get period in that month. If somehow you get to miss your periods continuously for two months, it is time to get in touch with your doctor as you might become pregnant. At last, if you miss a reminder pill discard it and continue with one reminder pill regularly without a miss until you pack gets empty. You do not require any birth-up control if you forget taking a reminder pill.
What happens if I overdose?
In case of overdose that may cause vaginal bleeding, vomiting or nausea you must call your doctor.
What should I avoid?
You should avoid smoking. It is so because it may increase risk of heart attacks, blood clotting and stroke especially if your age is above 35. Remember levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol will not help you from sexually transmitted diseases like HIV and AIDS. So, use a condom to prevent yourself from such diseases.
How should I take levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol?
Always take levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol as prescribed by your doctor. Do not try to take in smaller or larger portions or longer than the actual recommended time period as it may create regretful situations. Like an educated female you must read the precautions written on the label. There are two methods to use levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol. Either you can take first pill of levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol on the first day of your period or on the first Sunday after your period begins. This may also happen that you need to use back-up birth control in form of a spermicide or condoms. Never neglect the directions given by your doctor. Within 24 hours you need to take one pill each day. Once you see that the pills are running out of the stock, get a new pack the next day. It is also possible that you may become pregnant if you do not take one pill regularly. Hence this becomes mandatory for you to always keep your prescriptions refilled. More to the point the 28 day birth control pack comprises reminder pills. They will help you keep you regular on your cycle. However, your period will normally start while you are taking these reminder pills. You may get to see bleeding particularly in the first three months. However, you need to update your doctor about the bleeding if it continuing or is very heavy.
Again you are required to keep a back-up birth control if you are falling sick because of diarrhea or vomiting. There are few cases where a patient who is on medication requires surgery or medical tests, and if you fall in that category then it is time to stop consuming levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol anymore. On the other hand the doctor or surgeon who is treating you should know that you are taking levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol. Every patient who is taking levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol is advised to visit doctor on regular basis. levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol should always be stored at room temperature away from moist and heat.
User Rating: 5.0
For Birth Control: It failed to help with PMS OR acne problem. But yes there was no weight gain. Review by 22 year old Female
User Rating: 5.0
For Birth Control: In the beginning it did cause any problems in the body. But later I found bad leg cramps, and a very low desire to have sexual intercourse with my partner. Nonetheless, I also gained about 25 pounds.
User Rating: 1.0
For Birth Control: Since I started taking levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol, I am lot more snappy. Even I get sassy quickly and experience headache all the time.